14 October 2019
Under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, Member of the Supreme Council, Ruler of Sharjah, and President of the University of Sharjah, the Sharjah International Foundation for the History of Muslim and Arab Sciences (SIFHAMS) organized the 3rd International Forum under the title "Tradition of Art and Architecture in Islamic Civilization." Prof. Hamid M.K. Al Naimiy, Chancellor of the University of Sharjah, attended the Forum along with Prof. Mesut Idriz, Acting Director of the Foundation; a number of College Deans, Department Heads, researchers and graduate students; as well as those interested in architecture, interior design, fine arts and design. The Forum aims to shed light on the architecture in Islamic civilization through different eras and how it has been preserved to the present time through a number of research papers presented in the sessions of the Forum.
At the beginning of the Forum, the Chancellor welcomed the attendees and praised the important role played by SIFHAMS in serving and preserving the Arab and Islamic heritage over its the different eras through organizing forums and conferences with a number of researchers and experts from around the world. The Foundation, he added, was established five years ago to play this vital role, and it represents one of the excellent institutes and centers of at the University, and works in harmony and in parallel with other institutes and research centers at the University. The University of Sharjah is now a research university based on modern technologies in accordance with its five-year strategic plan.
He also said that the theme of this year's Forum is the study of architecture in Islamic civilization and draws attention to the distinctive architectural style of the University of Sharjah, which was founded by His Highness the Ruler of Sharjah, following the Islamic architectural style. The architectural style of the Islamic civilization is the distinctive style for all buildings in the University City in Sharjah as a whole, which is one of the most beautiful university cities in the world in terms of its architectural style and sustainability. He stressed the need to pay attention to the use of modern technologies in the study and understanding of ancient architectural arts.
The Forum addressed in three scientific sessions a number of themes. In the first scientific session presented by Prof. Doris Abouseif, Professor Emerita SOAS at the University of London, discussed the Mamluk Sultanate's care of architectural heritage with a focus on their rule in Egypt and Syria. She also addressed how rulers maintained old architectural heritage through two focuses: the first is the preservation of sacred heritage including traditional mosques and schools, etc.; and the second is the establishment of new buildings that showcase architectural heritage in their designs.
Prof. Nadia Mahdi Alhasani, Dean of the College of Fine Arts and Design at the University of Sharjah, presented a paper entitled Notes on Arabic Calligraphy in Al-Andalus' Built Fabric," in which she highlighted the forms and patterns of ancient Arabic calligraphy, its beginnings and artistic and decorative forms, and how it relied on the designs of ancient architectural buildings in Syria, Iraq, Egypt and Andalusia. She also addressed the diversity of their uses depending on the function and place, as well as materials used in construction.
Dr. Reyhan Sabri, Department of Architecture at the University of Sharjah, presented a comparative study of the role of the Ottoman Waqf in architectural preservation in Turkey, Egypt and Syria.